How the Keith-Albee and Orpheum Circuits Controlled the Big Time and Its Performers
written by Arthur Frank Wertheim, published by Palgrave Macmillan

Arthur Frank Wertheim"Vaudeville Wars offers the only thorough account of the vaudeville business from the ground up, centering on the roistering entrepreneurs who, within a generation, lifted their enterprise into America's leading diversion." –Leigh Woods, author Transatlantic Stage Stars in Vaudeville and Variety

"Until Wertheim's Vaudeville Wars, the men who created the institution of vaudeville had remained as inscrutable as official portraits. Wertheim drags away from their ledgers, telephones, and mahogany desks the derby-hatted, cigar-smoking barons of vaudeville and places them down-stage center under the spotlight." –Frank Cullen, co-founder, American Vaudeville Museum, Vaudeville Times Quarterly

Due to contractual limitations on the number of words allowed in Vaudeville Wars, only endnotes related to quoted material were printed in the book. To include complete references would have meant cutting valuable information in the text. The material on this website includes the complete notes for primary and secondary sources as well as the complete biography. The author hopes that the information presented on benefits future researchers. Read more...

Arthur Wertheim is currently writing a new book on W. C. Fields who appears in Vaudeville Wars. An excellent new website on Fields is available at